Thermoluminescence dating of brazilian indigenous ceramics
The ceramic sherds are not decorated and are very small and fragmentary.
Recent thermoluminescence dating of the sherds themselves returned a 13,000-12,000 BP date.
The settlement at Sesklo gives its name to the earliest known Neolithic culture of Europe, which inhabited Thessaly and parts of Macedonia.
The Neolithic settlement was discovered in the 1800s and the first excavations were made by the Greek archaeologist, Christos Tsountas. They show an advanced agriculture and a very early use of pottery that rivals in age those documented in the near east.
The oldest fragments researched at Sesklo place development of the culture as far back as c. The aceramic levels at Sesklo also contained bone fragments of domesticated cattle.
The earliest similar occurrence documented in the Near East is at Çatalhöyük, in stratum VI, dating c.
And, ceramic artifacts, unlike stone tools, are completely person-made, shaped of clay and purposely fired.
Ceramic artifacts are extremely durable and may last thousands of years virtually unchanged from the date of manufacture.Ceramic sherds are also found, also in small quantities, but with a bean-impression decoration, in a half-dozen sites of the Mikoshiba-Chojukado sites of southwestern Japan, also dated to the late Pre-ceramic period.These pots are bag-shaped but somewhat pointed at the bottom, and sites with these sherds include the Odaiyamamoto and Ushirono sites, and Senpukuji Cave.The second oldest pottery in the world is from Hunan Province, at the karst cave of Yuchanyan.In sediments dated between 15,430 and 18,300 calendar years before the present (cal BP) were found sherds from at least two pots.