Mandating and enforcing culture
The choice also symbolized Atatürk's policy of nationalism, because Ankara was more Turkish and less cosmopolitan than the old capital. The interior consists of mountains, hills, valleys, and a high central plateau.
It has a semi-arid climate with high temperatures in summer and low ones in winter.
Historically, its people engaged predominantly in animal husbandry, especially transhumant nomadism with herds of sheep, cattle, and goats.
A tribal social organization survived longer in this area among the Turkish and Kurdish peoples.
The western region is noted for citrus and banana groves.
Seminomadic peoples traditionally utilized the Taurus Mountains to graze sheep, goats, cattle, and camels.