Emergency oxygen delivery in adults 1 updating nursing practice Dating latin wap
In the pre-hospital environment, high-flow oxygen is indicated for use in resuscitation, major trauma, anaphylaxis, major bleeding, shock, active convulsions, and hypothermia.
It may also be indicated for any other people where their injury or illness has caused low oxygen levels, although in this case oxygen flow should be moderated to achieve oxygen saturation levels, based on pulse oximetry (with a target level of 94–96% in most, or 88–92% in people with COPD).
A 2010 trial of 239 subjects found no significant difference in reducing breathlessness between oxygen and air delivered in the same way.
Oxygen is widely used in emergency medicine, both in hospital and by emergency medical services or those giving advanced first aid.
Hospitals in some jurisdictions, such as the UK, now operate "no-smoking" policies, which although introduced for other reasons, support the aim of keeping ignition sources away from medical piped oxygen.
Recorded sources of ignition of medically prescribed oxygen include candles, aromatherapy, medical equipment, cooking, and unfortunately, deliberate vandalism.
A similar accident killed Soviet cosmonaut Valentin Bondarenko in 1961.
Highly concentrated sources of oxygen promote rapid combustion.Smoking of pipes, cigars and cigarettes is of special concern.These policies do not entirely eliminate the risk of injury with portable oxygen systems, especially if compliance is poor.Since 1990, hyperbaric oxygen therapy has been used in the treatments of stroke on a worldwide basis.In rare instances, people receiving hyperbaric oxygen therapy have had seizures.